Australia’s two biggest cities will shut down non-essential services in the next 48 hours as coronavirus cases rise rapidly in the country.
Sydney and Melbourne, along with the capital Canberra, are expected to close pubs and restaurants after announcements by state governments.
Prime Minister Scott Morrison said total lockdowns might have to be introduced to curb the spread.
The number of cases has risen sharply in recent days, reaching 1,315.
New South Wales (NSW), home to Sydney, is the worst-affected state with 533 confirmed cases. Victoria, of which Melbourne is the capital, has 296 cases, while Queensland has 259.
The new restrictions will see many businesses close but supermarkets, petrol stations, pharmacies and home delivery services will continue running.
Schools in NSW remain open for now but Victorian schools will close from Tuesday after school holidays were brought forward.
If the shutdown of non-essential services is not implemented, “our hospitals will be overwhelmed and more Victorians will die,” Victoria’s state premier Daniel Andrews was quoted as saying by broadcaster ABC.
Seven people have died across Australia so far from Covid-19.
In other developments:
The new measures come after large crowds gathered on Sydney’s beaches including Bondi on Saturday, flouting social distancing advice.
Mr Morrison said the situation at Bondi Beach should be a “wake up call to take these policies seriously” and warned lockdowns could be imposed in areas where large outbreaks have occurred.
“You have to keep a healthy distance between each other,” he said.
“If Australians can’t do that on a broad scale, then they are denying the governments and the authorities the most important weapon we have to save lives and to save livelihoods, and states and territories will have to take more severe responses to deal with that.”
by BBC News reporter Frances Mao, in Sydney
Just hours after the impending shutdown was announced, I walked through an inner Sydney neighbourhood. It was a balmy Sunday evening and people were out at bars and restaurants perhaps unaware that this could be their last drink outside their homes for a while.
The full details will be announced on Monday. It is likely to hit Australians hard, and shock many out of the lethargy they’ve felt towards social distancing.
State restrictions had already ramped up this past week, as the case numbers doubled every few days. However, many Australians haven’t been paying attention to the statistics.
Instead, discussion has often centred around disruption to daily life – the inconvenience and tedium of working from home; the panic buying at supermarkets. While some – closely attuned to the crisis in the US and Europe – have been vigilantly isolating, others have been resistant to the message “stay at home”.
It’s why a blast of late summer heat on Friday drew so many out to Bondi Beach – the social isolation mantra hasn’t sunk in yet. There’s been little public education campaigning, and the constantly changing messaging from the government hasn’t helped.
It was only 10 days ago that the prime minister blithely said he’d still attend a rugby game, minutes after banning large gatherings outside. He later changed his decision. Australia had fewer than 200 cases then, it now has over 1,300.
The prime minister announced a second stimulus package worth A$66bn, meaning the total financial package offered by the government and Reserve Bank now amounts to A$189bn (£94bn, $109bn).
Mr Morrison said financial support would be offered to those most vulnerable to the effects of the coronavirus crisis.
The measures include doubling income support for those on Jobseeker’s allowance while waiving asset tests and waiting periods.
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Grants of up to A$100,000 will be made available for small and medium-sized businesses.
Individuals affected by the coronavirus will be able to access up to A$10,000 of their pension during 2019 and 2020. They will be able to take a further A$10,000 the following year.
Australian airlines and airports will meanwhile be provided with up to A$715 million in support.
Mr Morrison stressed that the measures cover the next six months. “This is not a quick fix,” he said. “This will not be my last visit to the podium. There will be more packages and more support.”
Singapore has announced it will ban all short-term visitors under new coronavirus measures. Short-term visitors are also banned from transiting through Singapore. Only work pass holders who have healthcare and transport will be allowed to enter, along with their dependents.
The city state confirmed on Saturday that two people had died from Covid-19, the first virus related deaths in Singapore.
China reported 46 new cases, all but one brought in from other countries. The one domestic case was linked to a previous imported case, according to local authorities.
South Korea reported 98 new cases on Sunday. The figure suggests a downward trend in new cases. The total number of coronavirus cases in South Korea has now reached 8,897.
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